Why Do Women Still Earn Less Than Men? 5 Ways to End the Gender Pay Gap.

This article first appeared on ValueWalk.

Women have made slow progress in attaining corporate executive roles, but once reaching that level, their pay is typically less than men in similar leadership positions, a new study reports.

A paper from researcher Morningstar, Inc. found that the highest-paid women earn about 85 cents for every dollar their male counterparts earn.

Though the difference has narrowed from roughly 82 cents reported in 2015, a continuing gender pay gap at the top reflects a systemic problem that company leaders need to address at every level of their organization, says Allison Nolan, founder and managing director of Athena International Management Limited and author of the upcoming book, Madam Chair.

“The gender pay gap is chronic in most industries, deeply ingrained and too often accepted,” Nolan says. “Talented and driven women who have risen in the ranks despite having a harder road than men deserve equal compensation, but often they get discouraged by the unfairness and gender bias.

“Companies can only benefit by doing something about this persistent problem. Paying women fairly and equally will attract and retain more top talent, strengthen the work culture by creating more trust, and cast a favorable light on your company that will attract customers. But closing the gender pay gap requires a bottom-to-top approach that makes equality a central part of the culture.

The Ways Companies Can Close The Gender Pay Gap

Nolan offers five ways leaders and their companies can completely close the gender pay gap:

  1. Acknowledge the pay gaps
    Nolan first suggests an in-company audit, done by a diverse team, to compare salaries of men and women in the same position, see where the gaps are and why, and then begin addressing the underlying reasons and permanent solutions. “Have people from different departments, not just HR, with male and female composition to identify the factors leading to income inequality,” Nolan says. “Creating awareness and urgency among all is the foundation to solving the problem.”
  2. Enact inclusive hiring practices
    “How can you have enough female leaders being paid fairly if you have relatively few females being hired?” Nolan says. “If you want to build equity at every level of your company, inclusive hiring is where it starts. The problem is, recruiting processes often are gender-biased while relying too much on networks. To bring equity in hiring, some companies may require comprehensive training for leadership about how to eliminate bias.”
  3. Prioritize gender fairness during management training
    “To protect against gender bias, which in turn leads to unequal pay, it’s essential to train your managers in a way that shows how gender bias impacts their decision-making,” Nolan says. “Establish company criteria to reduce bias from managers in performance reviews, raises, promotions, and staffing decisions.”
  4. Train women for the C-Suite
    Often, gender pay gaps are a trickle-down result of women having little or no female representation in corporate leadership. To change that, Nolan says, “Create an internal management training program and give your female employees a tangible, direct career track to the next level and to top leadership positions. Set quotas and a timeline for increasing women in senior positions.”
  5. Ensure transparency
    “The bottom line,” Nolan says, “is companies need to get to the point where equal pay for equal work is not an empty battle cry, but a reality. This happens by being transparent and people seeing the rewards – the money – after the inequity has been vetted. Tracking pay across gender, race, and other demographic details should be a continual process of due diligence. Discrepancies must be thoroughly addressed. Leaders should be clear about how the company determines compensation by position and what the salary ranges are.”

“It’s time for leaders, their managers, and their companies to lead by example,” Nolan says. “The gender pay gap won’t end until companies look at the whole picture and realize how women are as important to their success as men.”